The Law in detail
Time Law was the ancient world order connected to the yearly starry round. In time they developed law codes in pace with needs. We see only fractions of them in rock-carvings and we have to get the pattern from early province laws
Time Law, Volusp, Aesirs, Vanirs, Sumerian marriage, usage in spring, officiating suite, formula of protection, rostrum, Val Camonica, breast-plateLaw of the Naked | More Law in detail | Law of Brotherhood | home |
Languages, pictures and explanations are meant as a tool to convey a message from one human to another. That means that the main target for me is to give an understandable image of what I see and of course as near the relative truth as possible.
Knowledge of the past in understandable words is much like when the archaeologist collect pieces of pottery and tries to put them together as they once were. Many small pieces give a pot, a vase, a cup or so on. We solve the enigma when we have got all pieces together.
The Law is naturally fit for use in those days and that is why I call it a Time Law in a ritual society. Their main problem was scheduling the year and we know the same from our early province laws from 13th century.
The law is drawn shown by figures and by script like shorthand. They mention two pairs as idols for the settlement plus the youngsters becoming a couple. Pairs are marked with different footprints. The law of brotherhood is understood as a treaty between shepherds or cowboys and the growers. The law rock shows that the growers initiated the law by promising that they would fence their acres.
We know the problem from Sumerian and from the Edda in Voluspa as the struggle between Aesirs and Vanirs. Vanirs were "with-out that ding" while Aesir were the cowboys with claim for all land. The Sumerian marriage was meant to arrange the co-operation, here it is shown as a treaty in the spirit of Time. This was the Time River meaning tolerance and treaty with the Mights of Nature … in our days we do not try to be in pace and peace with nature.
Before we look at the myths of Inanna, some more folklore told by an old soldier born 1868 in Haugelund in the hills above Haugsbyn here about usage in spring:
My mother told me what they were doing at the carvings that are like holes in the rocks. I suppose they make the cup-marks much later than the carvings. They had the cup-marks before they should sow. Then in spring girls and boys went there, when they had been together and lay together.
They had with them seed ... and when it came for the boy he let it drop in a mortar. Then they put some seed in it too and thrust the mix with the rod. Then they throw it into the bin of seed, but it should be young couples who lay together. Best of all it was if they had never done it. Then it grew very well.
image without words
Formula of protection: As everyone knows: If anyone steps on the Naked will face Underworld.
The Naked is the oldest idol we know of in Europe. We find her in a couple of caves in France. In one of them she has a horn in her hand and later on we know that it symbolised the moon and the moon symbolised rain and fertility. We got much influence from Mesopotamia and Levant and water is always a problem so it is natural that the goddess of fertility became the rain and the moon.
In India they also know how important the rain is. The monsoon is mighty and that is why they use the animation the Water Dragon. In fact they saw the sky as part of their world since they used the word "min" = fish for the stars. Even en Scandinavia we sometimes use the poetic word "heavenly waters".
The Chinese still use the animation "water dragon" and they leave space between hightowers so that the Dragon can fly between them. In plain text that keep the moisture from the houses since the Dragon flies besides.
Seven footprints downward on the rock and pointing to the nearby lake for aritual bath.
We know that for instance in the Levant "the Naked Moon Goddess of rain and fertility" was the favourite especially among women and growers. In Rajahstan India they still celebrate her under the name Gangaur with18 days of feast in March. Still some people in the world have some contact and pace with their nature.
In this case the founders of the law were seven surely according to the seven summer moons. They were idols in the suite that followed The Naked in the same way as at Evenstorp. Her rostrum was on this rock. The law is the "first time" occasion and example for later generations. The pairhood and the marriage code of the law stood until 17th century AD.
Text: Thus the law was given.
We see that the footprints are individual. The one with the toe marked means maybe "flying" and then it is the moon or the sun as part in agriculture. The marked heel can mean something beneath or the other phase of the moon being the fertilising rain.
The Law is too large as a whole. Therefore it is presented here in suitable sections. Here is the beginning at the top of the rock:
On ... go ... Her gives out ... The Naked demands fence around field half the year ... be law ... on ... 12.
This important code cut out a space in nature for the growers and the Lady of Nature gives the Law of Brotherhood. Brotherhood is a way of natural fellowship. Fellowship is an abstract deduction that needs explanation and definition and that is much later invention. The same code we find in medieval laws and still today it has some practise in countryside.
The naked footprints could be seen as "the rostrum" for the people in Haugsbyn. Maybe a naked priestess stood there the first time and spoke the law. Her followers were "the priestess of the year". In Hittitian symbolism the king = high priest stand on a footstool. Some seal shows it is a leg and then the people or maybe the upper class since there are foots on each side. Even in our days we sometimes use words from the body to picture abstract concepts.
In Egypt and later in other places the "chair" was legal place concept for the high king. He usually has servants. In early and symbolism and smaller places they usually show the main idol with helpers. The suite for small occasion was just as in our days when we found a club. We chose chairman, secretary, bookkeeper and if the club needs other members get specified functions. The same we see in the "club of seven" for the summer moons in many ancient calendars.
The officiating suite of seven in a boat of Sumerian models. The boat type is still in use at Euphrate and Tigris.
From the ancient Ugarit at the Syrian coast we learn that the symbol two fellows were the "law readers". Maybe we see them at the Evenstorp rock-carvings and on this rock we see the fellowship between growers and cattle people. In the tradition of West Gautland there should be a "law-reader" telling the law before the session. See alsoFootstool. We have then the oldest known rostrum in Europe in Haugsbyn and that should be seen as a legal term and idea of society.
By using the rostrum the society shows that the leader or idol is above the people. The Sumerian ziggurats explain the difference between ordinary people by the big step for gods on the top "stairs to heaven". We find the same principal definition in the Bible when they tell the leader should stand on a stone. Legal forms should be sacred because they are rules for all people.
We can pretend that the normal ritual in spring or before the agriculture began. Then a naked priestess stood in the footprints reading the law. The young boys for once saw "the wet meadow" of a girl and made their comments, while older men tried to hide their glow. From Sumerian laws we know that rape was punished by dead penalty. That tells us that the Naked was sacred and naturally all other women as source of fertility.
The little folk memory from Haugelund tell us that they preferred young people as "first time" symbols. The legal concept "grove" (lund) was the place for young love … oh, I remember my visits to the grove long time ago.
As comment to this follows the concentrated ritual law from Val Camonica etc.:
Concentratedlaw from Val Camonica, Italy.
We may recognise the essentials of farming. Upper figures are the Moon Dog, the Sun and wild and tamed animals supposed to be kept outside the fenced field in the middle. At lower end of field the breast-plate or collar of the goddess and at right the ritual weapons a pair of axes for men and Isis-daggers for women. Below the man ploughing with "asvins = friends" and an Egyptian plough.
All over Europe and maybe in the entire world we find simple and sometimes complicated rock-cravings showing their Time-law of those days. This one is in its shortness made with ingenuity and shows their ritual year in ideograms. Once we know about their ritual year and profession it is easy to see what it is all about.
Our simplest calendars are just time marks and maybe marks of four seasons and that became at the same time the territorial claim "Here we are". The major part of Scandinavian rock-carvings have been altered in time since The Ritual Age began around 4000 BC and there have been many changes since then.More details