Law of Brotherhood
Time Law was the ancient world order connected to the yearly starry round. In time they developed law codes in pace with needs. We see only fractions of them in rock-carvings and we have to get the pattern from early province laws
Cultivator's claim, Thor in the Edda, smith's hammer, lunula, gorget, Brisingamen, marriage code, hand-take, Suite of Seven, septemvir, Collegium of Seven, time-wheel, La Madeleine, The Naked of Levant, Mare of the Moon, time-wave, Three Maiden,
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Thecultivator's claim shows that they defended their land their land against thieves on two or four legs. The paintings are from southern Spain.
As we may guess our ancestors tried to be under the guise of the problem or under the skin of the hunted animal. They wanted just to learn the nature of it and tried to imagine all sides of a problem. Here we see the goat was probably the worst thief, but it could be that on two legs too. One horn ends in a symbol of fertility. He has a sickle in one hand and in the other a boomerang.
French Movies have often the theme "The thief". I saw this figure once in a French cartoon.
The northern cousin with thesmith's hammer and ard at left is from Bohuslaen. They called him Thor in the Edda litterature
In Scandinavian tradition he was Peasant's Thor, since he could forge together couples, but also tools for the marriage with Mother Earth. Is it a pick or an arder (plough) in his left hand?
For some reason many writers have told us that this kind of European figures are primitive. And above the 60th degrees of latitude they are shamans some scientists tell. I can not figure out why the Egyptian gods should be high culture. For me a spiritual leader and priest is priest even in Europe and in the Northern Hemisphere.
The number of members in society decides how great buildings and how rich and complicated outfit they use. All kind of experts makes their supremacy secret as means of getting power. They must earn their living by being important and in many cases they have to get paid by their skill. Still when someone concentrate on some issue he gains in knowledge and naturally he must please his "buyers". That means his audience makes him necessary.
We, from outside should not use pseudo values on such things. If we give names it is just to catch the object. Valuation is often just a matter of taste. Describing function leads to knowledge and understanding. I seldom use the term "god" since I really do not what gods look like … do you? Even our ancestors were confused and often the figures are headless or they give them bird head to show that they are airy ideas and fly above us. Often they made beings out of merged symbols. Each symbol pictured some aspect of the concept.
"Come man, come" ... Thelunula may stand for "The moon is flowing". The gorget looks like the field on the rock in Val Camonica. They tell about the Brisingamen in the Edda songs. This is an essential verse from Sumerian literature:
The SHUGURRA crown,
The crown of the plains she set on her head.
She set a kiss lock of her hair at her brow.
The measuring rope and the stick of lapis lazuli,
She took in her hand.
Small stones of lapis lazuli, as a collar around her neck.
A pair of nunuz-stones set on her bosom.
A golden ring she took in her hand.
The breastplate "Come man, come"
She fastened on her breast.
The pala-garment of the Mistress covered her body.
The paint "Let him comes, let him come"
She had as make up on her eyes
"Call to the fields" of the moon goddess Inanna in Sumer. See the file aboutInanna
The upper half of the loop starts at right in midwinter.
The lower half ends at harvest. The pair in the middle makes it.
The Hood of earth tells that the River is flowing ... the Hood straightens up ... the River cross over and flow to earth ... the Moon gives out ... the Underworld gives out at Leak ... the River of underworld flow and flow.
From the May twig to the dog Gulis Toe-boan takes care of the field. The phase of the moon tells when Efne and Ina do the game "Give out" ... summer festivity ... Anan gives the rain ... earth gives out ... Anan la la la la
On Boan at the Toe ... The earth gives out during the marriage of the underworld. Tupa cares for the bu-yard. During third quarter Efne take the cattle under himself.
The marriage code
The Karelian law stated the same symbol act for making brotherhood / fellowship and the claim for land. They cut up a string of turf and lifted it so that the fellows could crawl under it alternatively the owner of the land. It was a treaty with Mother Earth. In societies they always use symbol acts to show the step between two stages. The Nordic word "ed" means oath as well as ford, then meaning that they swore the oath at the bridge between two stages.
The early passage graves were surely used as Temple of Underworld in which the symbol act was celebrated. We know from for instance Egypt that they used the same ritual for sowing as for funeral. On this law the footprints toward the lake and this string of script show that they instead of the "going beneath" ended the act in the ritual bath.
The folk memory tells about young couples and marriage is usual for young couples. They make the act of uniting since marriage aim at getting children. It would be natural to picture the act in Underworld when corn grows as the marriage in Underworld.
New-Ef and The Girl hand-take ... sweep ... An-Ef the heel of Efne ... a couple ... lifelong adda is the ruler.
"The wood of the Elk" and something is happening in the waves.
Certainly, they are in love? ... New-Ef, the foot is leaning on the Girl ... something secret there? The word "grebba" is a local word for a young girl meaning, "to catch". The word VEIPA is an early form of sweep too. It refers to the cloth used to the uniting of two. ... See above folklore about spring customs.
The term "hand-take" we know from 17th century. The peasant preferred that old symbol act instead of church marriage. Here we see that the ritual has lived for 4000 years. Naturally hand-take has been used in other acts of making a treaty or holly promise. The idea of the symbol act is making people remember that the promise was given when they "took hands". The act is stored in the visual mind of all that were present at the ritual. There are some explanations about this in our medieval literature or written in legal papers.
The Law of the cowboys or shepherds and goat-keepers
In general we see few rock-carvings about the rituals of cattle people. In Egypt it was the winter season when Hathor the cow was idol. This wavy line seems to be about the cattlers' ritual year. At left we see two symbols that reminds of the Sumerian symbols for "food".
We know tradition of milk offer in spring and maybe the labyrinth is the udder and that milk flows into earth. The time-wheel in the middle is simple showing that they did not need much of calendar. The beginning of year is marked and also the Ramadan when they aligned moon and sun year. The urn and labyrinth at left may symbolise storing and autumn slaughter.
Traditionally they tell about categories of hunter-gatherers, cultivators and herds. Actually there is no great difference since they all used nature. That is why I use the word "nature users" about them all in Swedish. They took all their supplies from nature. The differences are small and they all gathered, hunted and were fishing until 19th century.
The professions of taming animals and making things grow were new of course. For some reason mankind always need hierarchies and then agriculture is former cattlers and cattlers are former for hunter-gatherers and citizens are the best of course. In serious science we do not need pseudo values.
Still on this law we see the division of the settlement. Maybe it was influence from the south. I could also be that the cattlers came earlier than the growers and then much of all territories were claimed. They needed a treaty to settle the conditions. They also knew that they could barter with each other and both parts gained. In the beginning both profession needed special skill that made them different. The growers brought or were taught the new ritual that was nearly what we call religion. However seemingly they knew about the Inanna myth long before the trials in agriculture.
Suite of Sevenin a time-wheel. The suite even known from Roman culture as the septemvir or Collegium of Seven. They were in charge for the farmers harvesting years. They called them to account in September.
Time-wheel on the right from Norrkauping and at the left from spit of the Ronar at Haugsbyn. The boat in the middle looks like those used in battles between Egypt and probably Achaeans from Greece.
These time-wheels are more complicated that for the cattlers. At the left wheel there is a symbol at the top. It is Sumerian and stands for LU meaning "moon or man". In Egypt the season began with Toth, the moon as leader so here it means beginning of year. They marked only the season or half-year her understood as the time for cultivating. This kind of symbolism we find in several places in Scandinavia.
On the other wheel we se the symbol "small boat" that was used for beginning in Egypt and a basket was harvest time. Here they have made symbols for the "field" and going beneath "the cupmark". The snake in the field is Water-snake or moisture of soil as source of fertility. The other snake is Serpent in the sky and symbol of harvest … the length show definite time or that the harvest should be enough for the winter. Two cupmarks stand for "second season" and it was used also in Babylon. The big boat at right maybe shows the winter.
The Naked of Levant
In the New Age her time is from c.4000 BC onwards as far as the remains tell us. Once created people easily kept their old goddesses. She is seen late in the Levant and in Palestine her name was Lait, which associate to the flow and to milk. In Persia her name was Anahita.
But to us she is Mare of the Moon as the earliest written name in the third century AD. The text is a dedication in runes on a chape to a sword at Thorsbjerg, Southern Jutland.
They formulate the law shortly on the rock. I understand it as an imperative to take care of all naked phenomenon. The urge for fences around the naked growth is on the same theme ... as well as naked footprints, shoving a naked or the opposite the little child with clothes shoving that the urge is fulfilled.
The endless screw is seen in the late third millennium in Sumer and on the seal from Syria c.1800 BC. It is the icon for the River below the Auriga, the Ox, the Perseus and the Pleiades. But I suppose it should be called the Channel up to the logic of the ritual sky.
A seal from Syria c 1800 BC, Thenaked goddess known in the Levant and she was symbol of rain. The endless screw in upper corner stands for the River in sky, but it stands also for treaty and tolerance
There were a lot of pairs where one part is the tame and the other wild. There were the ox and bull, a tame lion and a wild lion as well. It is supposed there should be a wild river and the tamed channel. The form of the river from the star Rigel is made very tame. Anyhow the heavenly channel was current as the spring equinox in the time gap between the Ox and the Perseus and this was approximately from c.2400 to 2000 BC.
Folk-mouth has named the rock that of serpentines. That is not true since you see no serpent in it. Of course there is a pair of serpents but I suppose they are ideograms for a definite time. Waved lines are more likely to express flow and often the time flow.
The time-wave is indefinite and expresses the indefinite time at the wavy rock. That leads to an idiomatic expression picturing life as a journey on the River of Time. It is in phases with most of the ideograms on our rocks. It takes time to follow a river.
This figure of cup-marks from the vicarage of Aur is found in a lot of carvings in Scandinavia. The constellation is probably head of the Serpent in sky current at the same time as the Naked
Laws of brotherhood in Edda
Finding lines that we could refer to Stone Age in the Edda is difficult. Most of the motives are Iron Age. In verse 28 to 30 we maybe see the scene at Evenstorp and understood also in these rock-cravings as the Sun and the Moon Lady. A fragment of treaty we see in verse 8:
In the hall table game
the Aesir played with joy.
No poverty was there
when three giant Maidens
came very powerful
from the world of giants.
In myths a lot of words are in practice dead. It is a pity because understanding it is difficult if you do not know the real meaning. In this chapter are two words of significance, but they are hard to understand. The Virgin is the woman bathed and prepared for the new fertility season and of course also the virgin nature. This means all women with "open flow" and have nothing to do with marriage and other things.
The other is the Maiden and closer to origin in Scandinavian languages than elsewhere. It is spelled MAU and means "power to give out". In my youth in everyday tongue it was almost the opposite meaning. It could be the unmarried girl or the spinster but that is far from the original meaning. The Three Maiden gave names to the months of fertility May, June and July. The myth origins from as latest 3100 BC.
These rock-carving are from Leirfall, Norway. The three idols of May, June, July are above the others in the moon suite. They are of course goddesses of birth. Note coupled twins in the lower suite. The symbol in left corner stands for working. This may even mean to make love or work with Underworld.
In the Edda are remains of a treaty as well. It is known from the Indo-European myth, as RTA. It is understood that there was a treaty between Aesir and Vanir. It is between those with cattle and the others digging soil.
The ideas of treaty and brotherhood have more applicability than marriage and couple as solutions to keep peace between two different parts of community. So treaty and brother-hood are still alive and set some demand on man to keep peace in all places. In Voluspa is also the verse:
Law they made
life they chose
for mans child
and fortune of man