The Horse at Leirfall

The Horse is originally the Pegasus in the night sky and the finds shows it was adapted at Leirfall early in the era of Horse in ritual symbolism. The other end of the era is the Horse i.e. Ale Stones stoneship with 59 boulders used for astronomic calculation

Leirfall, Pegasus, Phoenecian symbolism, Cartage, Horse, Horologium Mirable Lundense, time rose, golden bract, sun rider, naksatras

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 Greek stater around 300 BC but the Pegasus Horse occurs several hundred years earlier on Greek coins

With good will we can see a horse on the ship and at the stern. There are other horses on Leirfall

Look what has we here ? a horse with sun/star over the spine and we have the footprints of the Time Leader

There are several hundreds carvings at Leirfall and the oldest is from 4th millennium I think. There is the unique moon suite with additional "Three Maiden of fertility" so the site has tradition of following stars and time. So the hair in my neck rose and the detective in me got job.

Naturally it is good to know about ritual astronomy and that some star in Pegasus could be used as fixed star for spring equinox. In many cases when the ritual animal is set on a ship it is the vernal ship. To decide what the symbol on the back of the Horse could be we must turn to the Phoenician symbolism. To sum up Phoenicia and Cartage induced many ideas to Scandinavia. It started with the Palm/ Hand maybe around 1300 BC that turned to an arm and it was maybe god El's blessing hand as leading 4 quarters of the year.

In middle last millennia BC begins coining in several places and we see that one side was the leading ritual symbol and the other the worldly leader


The coin with the Leader and the Horse is from Cartage ca 250 BC and the end of development from Tyre maybe 500 years earlier when we see the "Seahorse/ Hippocampus" and early Greek coins with the Pegasus.

The sun has heavy Egyptian influence as two rising Ureus carry the sun. It is my luck that history comes to me once I am searching just in those days

 My friend Sonny Berntsson visited Trondheim's museum and posted pictures of objects from graves ca 800 BC

This fantastic time rose shows carpentry foregoing Gokstad ship and other Viking Age. This is the Wood Age. In centre time rose surrounded by 4 horse heads for the quarters telling they were following Pegasus in our days language

We see that the time rose is the small character with four directions in the centre. The is surrounded of two half-year snakes that ends in a horse head, which then means that the horse/Pegasus leads four seasons. It is good evidence that even in Scandinavia the Horse was the leader.

This is a detail from Askum, Bohuslen. Just one of many motifs showing horse/ horses drawing the sun and time. The snakes pictures the moon year and fertility.

Centre of golden bract from around 500 AD Skaane Aasum 123 mm diam 100,3 gram text EK AKAR FAHI I Akar made.

Let us jump to around 500 AD the Golden Age when 45 % of 445 motifs on golden bracts show the "sun rider". On this observe on horse the bullhorns, which means vernal equinox leader. The nobility loves always gold and horses. The golden bract from Gerete Gotland is the finest sample of symbolism that shows the World Order of the noble class of Heruli.

The Horse (Ale Stones)

The ship is 69 meter with 59 standing stones I recommend the photography of Andrew Kobos and he also presents the official interpreting and views. I do not share since there are too many questions especially about dating when they have mixed the medieval ideas into it. For me it is The Horse.

In Scandinavia we could start around 800 BC and date after dated finds in a grave at Trondheim N-Norway. The Horse period run until middle 11th century according to the Danish coins. The previous age was Hand influenced by the Phoenicians who surely brought the Horse

Hardaknud's coin around 1040 AD coined in Lund. The Horse stands with forelegs in the Vi. King Anund in Sweden and Svend Estridsen coined also the motif

Here we should know that Skaane and Lund belonged to Denmark until 17th century. Coining started in this century in the beginning copying English and Roman motifs and the king used hired masters from England: There are only few motifs of this kind. In the beginnings the king was on the adverse and astronomic symbolism on the reverse. The mighty bishop Absalon got his picture on the reverse Lund become seat of the archbishop. The Ale Stones belonged to the archbishop who become responsible of official time/calendar at that timed the archbishop was next to the king and for a time they aimed that the church should be prior to kings.

For some time Lejre near Roskilde was "brother land" to Skaane and it is maybe symptomatic that there has been bigger stoneship 97 m long there. Leire was for a time dominating folkland in age of small kingdoms. Still there are more ships in Scandinavia: 18 ships longer than 40 meter and 100 longer than 25 meters. Who knows how many are gone forever? After my childhood they found that in then neighbourhood has been stone circles in the size of Avebury in Wiltshire. Maybe Bishop Absalon destroyed it since the church owned it and he was the one to destroy Irminsul at Arkona

Folk memory tells that they called this monument The Horse in Danish time before 1658. It is not unusual that historical monuments change name and especially with new rule. The new Skaane needed seemingly the King Ale to spin new memories around but the place does not look as a king grave and none is found.

Peer Henriksson told he met a cantor who related the discussions when they rebuild the organ loft in the cathedral. Someone suggested that they let the organ pipes cover the breastwork. But the cantors objected and meant that would destroy "Lund's Stonehenge". In the loft's wall was a small window that let the sunbeam hit the altar screen made of folding doors with the liturgy. They would cover the entire year when the beam wandered around. So the cantors and priests could follow the year ritual enlightened by the sun

Horologium Mirabile Lundense

The astronomical clock of the cathedral, the Horologium mirabile Lundense, was made around 1424. After having been in storage since 1837, it was restored and put back in place in 1923.

When it plays, one can hear In dulci jubilo from the smallest organ in the church, while six wooden figures, representing the three magi and their servants, pass by Mary and Jesus. The clock plays two times a day, at 12:00 p.m. and 3:00 p.m. every day, except on Sundays when the earliest playing takes place at 1:00 p.m. in order not to interrupt the morning service.

On top of the clock there are two knights that mark the hours. The upper board of the clock is the astronomical clock. It shows, among other things, the different phases of the Moon and where the Sun sets. The lower board of the clock is a calendar including symbols of zodiac. With the help of it one can, among other things, calculate when different mobile religious holidays will fall and on which weekday a certain date will fall.

Oscar Montelius 1917 grand old man of archaeology sketched the use for moon observations in quarters at left and the seasons at right. The other made by archaeology of Lund.

Still today the Church year follow the moon year. Hard to understand why archaeology insist in searching for sun cult when ritual symbolism and ritual artefacts tell about following the Moon Maid.

Cup-like hollows in the starboard side of the N1 boulder.
The hollows are highlighted in yellow. (Photo: Andrew Kobos)

In India they correlated the moon with 27 naksatras, i.e. mansions of the moon in the stars. In fact there was 28 naksatras with on in Vega/ Swan that was used to even the time-flow. That is like the use of as asterism for the moons = 28 night as we see in the early Sumerian calendar for instance. In Scandinavia are many monuments with the number relations to the moon periods and year. In the beginning they were divided in seasons that were taken from the real seasons. For India and Egypt division in three seasons fitted the climate. In Scandinavia we see the symbolism around 1000 BC together with Hand/Palm and Horse.

My friend Peer Henriksson is guide at the monument and he is very interested in studying the boulders. Not only for rock carvings but also for other images or man made forms. There are others on the topic and they have found cupmarks on other stoneships. So I hope we will get some presentations in future

Sigurd-carvings on the rock at Ramsund Soedermanland are from first half of 11th century they think. It mixes saga and time order and Sigurd is the dragon killer under the worm. They think it commemorate a bridge, as it was fashion to build bridge to show wealth

Fafner, the dragon is very old metaphor for untamed Time. It shows the worms/ snakes illustrating running time, as was use for several thousand years. Originally there were two snakes for the moon year plus a bit to even with sun year. There is a joint on the upper half and with the symbol "ascending node" that all tie it to the moon calendar. On medieval calendar sticks they marked the ascending node at 17th September and the descending at 20th August at nearby Jarestad.

We have also the Indian symbols Rahu and Ketu on the Dragon nodes. The composition commemorates the old time order: Perhaps the two snakes symbolise the building and tearing forces of life and we see them on many rune stones.


The other stone on the theme is made with some humour and distance. Just as an example that you do not need to be serious always. It is a tombstone

The motif could of course stand for any kind of digging fortune as for instance when the Swedes assisted Canute with taxation in England and others went south to the emperor and even to the caliph. The Sigurd suite in Edda mirrors the tales of those days. With distance robbery become heroic tales.