Icons on golden bracts

There are no intelligible texts, no known Edda gods, none knows how it really was --- so we are left to think for ourselves. We are forced to find another World Order perhaps. We leave us open to critics new things are never unambiguous with lack of evidence

Icon, bullhorns, Oxen, Pegasus, Hare, New Moon Mare, Hekate, Freya, Mother Earth, Frigga, Kim, Frau, Archer

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Romans and Erils | Golden Age of Erils | Feudal ideas |

This was found at Daudevi, Auland 70 mm diameter, 33 gram

See also Aasumbract

This file should be about unique bract that does not belong to the mainstream and they are a little different. We can compare the bracts below with this nearly normal bract with horned horse, head with Celtic hair and the swastika. We see that it is a separate head the goldsmith fitted into the composition. So as icon we should talk about "the Head" and search for the meaning that was "head of society" and the use goes back to Bronze Age.

There are nearly 200 motifs in this category of "Horse and Head". The style of hair is Roman, but the long hair with the Swebian Knot is Celtic. This knot that could be a diadem is much like on sitting Leader at Vàrpalota Poland. In front of the Head is maybe victory symbol. The tribes of Auland and Poland belonged surely to the 54 tribes in the Swebian League.

The Sun rises over the back of the Horse Faurslev, Skaane

There were three similar bracts in the find but with different border and size. In an "Unknown find place" there is a similar horse. From Holstein and Nebenstedt, Niedersachsen there is an abstract image much like this. At the later place there is the find of the walking man with beaming eyes, surely meant to be the Sun / Time.

In another "Unknown" there is a similar Horse but with the bullhorns over the back. That gives us the sure link to astronomical icons. The icon bullhorns = spring equinox in translation to our language. It is heritage from when the spring equinox was in asterism "Oxen" more than 5000 years ago, as we see in the symbolism in the Old World of Egypt, Sumer and Indus. But by precession the view at the stars has changed so spring equinox was in Pegasus = Horse and we see the same symbolism for instance in Greece and Rome.

Is this the Hare Tuvasgaard, Traunninge, Halland?

Even the asterism Hare below the Oxen and Aurigae fits in the calendar symbolism and in this case it has the bullhorns as signs of its use. Naturally at every occasion such as spring equinox, midsummer and other time of year they can look in different direction. The normal convention is to look in east at sunrise for conjunction. In this case maybe they looked in south at sunrise for instance. I am not quite sure of the joke-symbol below that symbolises connection between two things.

There are several more horses with different shape and bullhorns. Others are in dissolution. On the other hand we have to remember that they symbolised abstract concept with no physic clear form. The motifs on bracts and other surface are like icons for certain times, space-time or processes.

Bird or animal is the question in detail from Slangerup, North Zealand

Hard to know is it humour or distance to the topic that places this in the normal place of the Sun-Eagle. When we look closely on the round images in centre of the bract we can find some funny or odd details.

My presentation technique is to firstly present the proportion of the main stream style and complete with a look on special detail that maybe tells more about the time than the mainstream. We have to keep track of the proportion to avoid making the special case general since that would give the wrong impression and image of the whole culture.

What is going on? Is he playing doctor with his hand in her belly?

Since we know how expensive horses were in all times we must associate to nobility when we see the rider bracts. That is even when it is symbol of spring equinox and beginning of the fertile season. For the "farmen" it meant that they were setting the ship into the sea.

On later calendar stick that was done in beginning of May since the climate was colder than in Bronze Age when they invented the symbolism. Farmen and nobility had their own farms with people doing the job and special buildings for handicrafters making things for sale. We see some of this even in medieval times when the nobility was free to whatever enterprises they wished.

The woman is somewhere behind the motifs that mostly are male. We know it from earlier ages in our rock-carvings where a lot of the cupmarks symbolise the female Earth Mother with many names depending on local tradition. The Anglo-Saxon tradition tells about Eostre and her star Venus and perhaps the star of Nordic Freya. It is difficult to use as it seems but many cultures in ancient times knew about the periodicity of the star.

Observe in their language there was only stars and no planets as it appears in reality. Some rune text mentions the New Moon Mare. The later word Mare is because they synchronised the New Moon with the Horse. The triads seem to be relatively late male symbolism and originally even the Eagle was used in that symbolism as we see in neo-Hittitian temples.

Funny motif from Darum, Ribe

The style of the Horse's head seems have been fashions among goldsmiths for a while, but here the horse is very abstract. There are four bracts in the style and the text from Skonager Ribe is ALU NIUJIL and three from Darum has the text LATHU NIUWILA

ALU means "begin", LATHU means "load" and NIU is "new" understood also as new moon so we get the meaning "begin or load the moon flow". Then we have to know that they meant the rain as fertiliser. That symbolism is as old as the Naked Lady with the Moon Horn in the Lascaux caves France.

Since we are in the corner of former Saxony, Anglia and South Jutland we should mention the text on a chape from Thorsbjerg Schleswig "Owl Demon : New Moon Mare" The Greeks had their Hekate, the Night Queen and the Sumerian Lilith was an owl. She was in the moonless night and stands for the Mights in the night. To ask for her help is to ask for power about the invisible. The New Moon Maiden/ Mare is her opposite and to pray to her is asking for growth and something newness as it is in Old Norse

From the same corner of "Erilland" we have of course the Gallehus Horns with many icons about their society and life. On one of the horns is "The old man in kirtle with a Horn" and the Alces or two young men in company and they celebrated feast in the grove. It is. the moon horn but could also be icon for the full moon since some tribes synchronised their calendar after the full moon. But it is the same symbolism with the cornucopia as symbol of rain and abundance. It is just another kind of personifications and icons than in Rome.

A farmer girl from Esrom, North Zealand

The Sunrider with Suneagle in hair naturally dominates the picture. Here the two snakes on each side of his head symbolise the two seasons. The Girl is maybe Freya and she is the growing season with a stick in hand and a "pearl or grain" in hand. On some other bract we se that same arm with the grain as icon. The double spiral symbolise IN - OUT

Hard to tell is it ram's horns or an ear on the other side. See preceding picture. I vote for ear since we see the same shape as ear or near the ear on some other bracts. "The ear" occurs as votive in Egypt and other culture but there is no other explanation than in Egypt it was called "air of life" On a cave at Malta there was a giants ear and maybe used for the sibyl of earth. Since there is also some statue with the "sleeping mother", i.e. Mother Earth in winter the ear could in this connection be understood as the sleeping Mother Earth … but we should have some enigma left … see also the Balder myth with more images of the female idol

Frigga from Grossfahner, Erfurt, Tyskland

There is a similar bract also from Welschingen, Baden-Wurttemberg. I think Frigga is a name from Germany imported to Scandinavia in the same way as Odin and Thor. It seems that model is originally Isis and the asterism Aurigae that is Lady of House. But in folklore they call Orion the Coat of Frigga but still the image of the mature woman.

There is both swastika and tri-point symbols. The two crosses are in a style we also se on some Roman coins. The other four symbols do not give any association at the moment.

Not much space there … Straubing Bayern

The bract was found in a grave around the neck as amulet. Then it could be just a wish for rebirth. In many cases they have found a bract in the mouth as Charon's coin…. See also Mithra

In jewellery and such thing occurs a motif like this and like a frog. It could be icon for Danish Kim or Frau ... observe not German Frau but this means "germ" that of course was "the Little One". In Danish is also Frau = frog. The association goes also to the Indian symbolism in which frogs were forerunners of the monsoon and period of fertility. In Sweden we dance the "frog dance" at midsummer a little earlier than in India.

S. Rind Jutland ritual calendar

The text at left could be read KIR I NIU that is. "give in new (moon)". The symbolism begins at the snakehead in the other end of the loop that is asterism Water-snake. There are time marks until the "twig" that indicates growth and the symbol is known from Sumer and Egypt and of course from our rock-carvings.

The male figure has a symbol on his leg that probably symbolises perhaps growth in the soil. But the symbol seems also to mean the asterism Gemini. In many figures with head they show speech coming form the mouth and means maybe growth

The Hunter from Taunder, S. Jutland

The text is not intelligible LTHDLLU : ULDAUL or maybe we can read "lathu" in the first word and ULL in the other, but still it does not say much. At right we have possibly dogs and the little animal at left is maybe a deer. But what kind of animal is the big one. Do you know what gods and abstract ideas look like?

When we see that abstract animal we have to think about cultural symbolism. The Archer is as old in symbolism as Sumerian Archer, in Egypt and later Greece the archer was female. At some stage it became the Bearwatcher and more practically watching the fields and maybe the forests. Since there is the little one we should maybe think about guarding the "young" but still also the Hunter. Night frost was on enemy besides those on two or four legs.

The "Little one sucking his thumb" seems be a mythical figure … se also Kongsvad where the little figure has a vegetative twig in his hand. We see such symbolising in many places and can only deduce that it has to do with agriculture. However even the other kind of nature users were following the old ritual calendar.

This bract belongs to a category with a little more than a dozen bracts with "sticky" figures. Most of them are with the Balder motifs

Dissoluted symbolism Hohenmemmingen, Baden Wurttemberg Germany

This was found in an untouched female grave together with 61 glass pearls, 7 amber pearls, 2 plated buckles with niello and remains from a bone comb.

There are more than a dozen bracts with dissoluted figures and the style we see also in other jewellery, buckles and such things. This could have been for the composition but also the symbolising technique that let parts of a bigger figure symbolise details/ icons and the whole figure was the wholeness. We know this also from the Edda.

Continues with Wild Ride