Ancient ideas of petroglyphs, symbols and megaliths,

"They say that gene-manipulated crops kill this beauty"

Essays on ancient ideas, megaliths, laws, myths, petroglyphs, time-symbols in rock-carvings, monuments and figurative arts. Covers cultural developments in the Old World and especially in Scandinavia. Then it is about our roots and ancestors 7000 years back.

Keywords: Sumerian zodiac, Egyptian year ritual, rock-carvings, megalith, dolmen, ancient myths and astronomy, stone circle, Inanna myth, Isis songs, Kimberley Girls, rock art, calendars in zodiacs, longbarrow, passage grave, origin of laws, time symbols, astro-symbolism,


Megaliths in ritual order

Stones are much more than Carnac and Stonehenge. In this electronic book I analyse different kinds of configurations with stones. In Ritual Age they were maybe made for "Following Her" and deciding the time. During Bronze and Iron Age it seems to be manifestos of their local World Order. In fact we have some folk memory about altar on Dal from about 300 AD indicating that Christianity reached our ancestors at that time.

Stones in circle or row, standing stone, cultural stones, earthwork, avenue, the Vi, dolmen, passage grave, ground grooves, wedge tomb, mound, stone ship, bautastone, doom ring, altarstone, footstool, thing stone, thing place, thing mound, picture stone

Megalith Ideas

Law of the Naked in Scandinavian rock art

The Naked goddess has many names and gave name to my original book. She is seen in our rock-carvings. At the same time she taught the Sumerians how to cultivate … she was of course the mind of the Sumerians. The rock-carvings on Dal are the best for understanding ancient ritual astronomy = calendar ritual.

Law of the Naked

Ritual & Time Law

The oldest signs of calendars or following the time and that is at least 20000 years old custom. Time Law was always the real ruler and naturally it includes the rituals that sometimes were manifested in stony monuments. These files are about time symbolising and it is good to know the Ritual Age and it's myths. It is about sources in South and reflections in northern rock-carvings

Time Law

Interpreting scripts

These files are about interpreting scripts in general. However th script at the rocks in Haugsbyn is like a gateway to understanding. Some of the texts are more than 5000 years old, however the laws from ca 2300 BC are the core. The early society was writing down the rituals tied to practical astronomy. Here I show a guide to the variety of problems in interpreting

Interpreting scripts

Bronze Age

Script starts with the first symbol that compresses an event or a bit of the world. It is understood that more than the scribe understands it and it becomes a convention among the local people. Naturally the aim was to plan and know their practical cultural life.

Bronze Age

Anglo-Scandinavian Golden Age

We find their world order and myths on long golden horns and on nearly thousand golden medallions and golden bracts. In Roman sources their nobility was called Heruli. On rune stones they wrote EK ERILAR. Early Anglo-Saxon laws tell about their nobility and sense of law. They were early Vikings and all our ancestors

The Erils

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Nutshell about meaning of megaliths/ stones

We do not see the mightiness of Lanyon Quoit in this picture. Rebuild after storm 1815 and some old photo shows a man on horse riding through

Carnac Bretagne is of course best known for megalo-megaliths and biggest Le Grand Menhir 23 metres 270 tons. However I think Portugal have the highest dolmen 5 - 6 metres(?) and oldest 6th millennium monuments are the very beginning of megalomania. Still in official archaeology on TV only Stonehenge and Middle Kingdom exist said with some overstatement. I have to start with this since as I see it we have only pseudo-archaeology when it comes to describe the world from 7th millennium onwards.

To be tired of people making a mystery of ancient monuments is easy. At the same time they make our ancestors simple and primitive with no manners and ritual life. It is a shame that pro-archaeology have not analysed and made synthesis of what we know about the use manipulated stones as monuments of ritual in society from early Stone Age onwards. We still use the same principle now and then. That is why I write this standard little piece about Megalomania and I will put it into other essay as just a "Nutshell about meaning of megaliths/ stones"

Original Vi/ Weoh 4th millennium with dolmen in centre. Some were in use still in 18 century AD

I have to criticise archaeology for megalomania --- selective blindness causing that they ignore small monuments and unsolved script in rock-carvings ---- inability to integrate especially rock-carvings, stony monuments and artefacts --- inability to pretend small size societies as beginning if society --- snobbism that make for instance so-called Samic culture lower culture than other European culture --- making theories that are like biblical archaeology with known answer before digging, instead of analysing wholeness and context --- inability to see that culture know no borders in the old ages … this for a start.


Left dolmen from Danish island Moen 32 km long 217km² small island 28 passage graves, 60 long barrows, 30 cairns … at right from Kola Peninsula

Compared with the dolmen Lanyon Quoit both are small but similar in shape. I would say they represent the same idea in society. We can follow the coast of Sweden with similar monuments to northernmost stones 80 kilometres SE Gellivaare N Lapland. There are some in Finland too and of course in Karelia up to Kola.

For some reason when we come north of Stockholm they belong to the Shaman Belt and are primitive, they say. Recently they found some of the kind in my neighbourhood and the archaeologist told they are too simple to register. Observe that officially all manipulated stones and megaliths should be registered. I think that archaeology is partly primitive … funniest evidence is that they found the mtDNA to 75 % is the same in Skaane and Lapland and it is unique for Europe, talk about aborigines. Maybe it is telling about people carrying culture to the north -;)

For me it is quite simple. Culture has travelled from W Europe along the coast northward. Scandinavia was mostly sparsely populated and people used the recipe, "You do what you can manage". Naturally the megalomania is an enigma and at its highest at the little Danish Moen that made the triple passage grave 10 metres wide and 100 metres long. It is useless to ask WHY but we can ask "For what purpose". Mankind's as normally rational beings and do no hard work without gain and purpose. We can only thank those who made the big buildings since they will stand forever, while smaller easily is taken away.

Here shown monuments are just samples and all kind of stone temples and monuments have been used as claim and centre of ritual. It is the natural and rational explanation due to the needs in society. Some were used also as deposit at funeral like the special wedge tomb period around 2000 BC. Only a minor part has the forecourt left due to big stones/ boulders. In other places there have surely been a sacred fence of smaller "head size" stone or similar but they have been used for younger buildings.


Ravlunda's dolmen could be used as Vi/ Weoh. On Hardaknud's coin the Horse/ Pegasus stands at the Vi/ Weoh at vernal equinox. In a village at Lolland another at N Zealand the Vi was in use until 18th century

Another evidence of ancient society order we find in place names. If we use names from the Great Migration we get like a time capsule in the Anglo-Scandinavian place names. Then we get the ideas of weoh, stoke (pole), (stone)ring, harg/ heorg (sacred fence), hov (tri-stone) and now we are back also in stony monuments used as claim for a village "where Man set his foot, he owns the land" . This I see going back to birth of civilisation in which the Vi/ Weoh is a good example. There is no reason for speculating in magic power places and superficial rites.

Hard to see that size and outlook has really much to do with a monument, besides for the photographer. I ask, "what was the idea" and normally I start in the beginning of the chain of development.

The beginning is the small tribe consisting of a few families. I think the academics sit in a chamber unable to go out and give an old lady a hug -;)

Short introduction to the author


I did not know there are blue too?



Member of Scandinavian Society for Prehistoric Art


Addresses to the author:
Bengt Hemtun
Korsgatan 12 A, Mellerud
S-46433 Sweden
phone 046-0530-41925

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